A three-site reproduction of the Joint Simon Effect with the NAO robot

Strait, M., Lier, F., Bernotat, J., Wachsmuth, S., Eyssel, F., Goldstone, R. L., & Sabanovic, S. (2020).  A three-site reproduction of the Joint Simon Effect with the NAO robot.  15th Annual International Conference on Human Robot Interaction.  Cambridge, England.  Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) & Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).  (pp. 103-111).  New York: ACM.

The generalizability of empirical research depends on the reproduction of findings across settings and populations. Consequently, generalizations demand resources beyond that which is typically available to any one laboratory. With collective interest in the joint Simon effect (JSE) – a phenomenon that suggests people work more effectively with humanlike (as opposed to mechanomorphic) robots – we pursued a multi-institutional research cooperation between robotics researchers, social scientists, and software engineers. To evaluate the robustness of the JSE in dyadic human-robot interactions, we constructed an experimental infrastructure for exact, lab-independent reproduction of robot behavior. Deployment of our infrastructure across three institutions with distinct research orientations (well-resourced versus resource-constrained) provides initial demonstration of the success of our approach and the degree to which it can alleviate technical barriers to HRI reproducibility. Moreover, with the three deployments situated in culturally distinct contexts (Germany, the U.S. Midwest, and the Mexico-U.S. Border), observation of a JSE at each site provides evidence its generalizability across settings and populations.

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